A person who aspires to be a genetic engineer is likely to be passionate about science. The road to genetic engineering is often long and winding, requiring many years of education. Specific skills, such as research abilities and knowledge of specialized equipment, may be required. A current understanding of scientific literature in the field is frequently required to work as a genetic engineer.
Genetic engineers are usually scientists who work with the genes of animals, humans, or plants. These people work with genes to create living organisms. They may be on the lookout for new ways to combat or cure diseases. Genetic engineers frequently specialize in a specific scientific field, such as animal husbandry, and devote their entire careers to that field.
Anyone interested in becoming a genetic engineer should attend an accredited four-year institution after graduating from high school. Undergraduate degrees in a science-related field are recommended. Biology, chemistry, zoology, botany, or general science are all viable options for advanced study, which is the next step in the process of becoming a genetic engineer.
Before applying to graduate schools, you should decide on an advanced field of study. Genetics, microbiology, biochemistry, medical science, and biosciences are some of the advanced study options. Immunology and advanced genetics courses may also be included in the program.
Some students choose to pursue a doctorate in genetic engineering for an additional three to four years. Many people spend a significant portion of their doctoral studies conducting research or assisting in a lab in their field of study. They will also draft and finish a dissertation that details their research or study at the same time.
Individuals wishing to pursue a career as a genetic engineer should gain practical experience; in addition to work completed during their doctoral studies, students may benefit from lab courses. Professors or other contacts made during the course of study can often be useful resources once the course is completed and full-time employment is sought. While taking classes, networking in the field may help you land a job in genetic engineering.
Genetic engineers need to be familiar with certain lab techniques and tools in addition to formal education; for example, some work may require the use of scanners and microscopes. Analytical skills are necessary for interpreting lab experiment results. In order to stay current in the field, genetic engineers must be able to conduct research and write.