Brass instruments such as the trumpet and trombone are both members of the brass family. While these two brass instruments have a lot in common, they also have a lot of differences. On a trumpet, you change the pitch pressing the valves with your fingers. Instead of pressing valves, a trombone’s pitch is changed sliding a slide back and forth. Because it is bulkier and a little more difficult to play than the trumpet, the trombone is not as popular among beginners as the trumpet.
The trumpet, along with the trombone, is the smallest brass instrument after the cornet. Trumpets are similar to cornets in size and shape. Cornets are slightly more cone shaped than trumpets, which is the only difference between the two instruments. Trombones are distinguished from other brass instruments the presence of a long, distinct slide. These instruments are significantly heavier and bulkier than trumpets.
The first three fingers of the right hand are used to manipulate valves on a trumpet. The instrument is gripped with the left hand around the valves. The right hand holds and adjusts the trombone slide while the left hand holds the instrument. Some trombones have an extra valve that can be operated with a single finger on the left hand while still holding the instrument securely.
Trumpets come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including “C” trumpets, “D” trumpets, piccolo trumpets, and “B” flat trumpets. Beginners should use a “B” flat trumpet. The majority of trombones are the same size, but alto and bass trombones are slightly smaller than the average trombone. These trombones, on the other hand, can be extremely difficult to play and are usually reserved for advanced trombone players.
Both instruments are commonly used a variety of musical groups. Jazz bands, symphony orchestras, and brass quintets all have trumpet and trombone players. In addition to trumpet and trombone players, many everyday bands have trumpet and trombone players. In jazz and orchestra performances, trumpet solos are very common.
While both the trumpet and trombone are easier to maintain than most other woodwind instruments, trombones are slightly more difficult to maintain than trumpets. Regularly oiling valves and slides may be required to keep a trumpet in good working order. A trombone’s slide and tuning slide should also be oiled on a regular basis. The slide of a trombone must be handled with care because any dents or bends can render the instrument unplayable.