What is Celery?

Celery, scientifically known as Apium graveolens, is a versatile vegetable that belongs to the Apiaceae family. It is widely appreciated for its distinct flavor, crunchy texture, and numerous health benefits. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deeper into the world of celery, exploring its origins, nutritional composition, various types, cultivation, culinary uses, and potential health benefits. So, grab a stalk of celery and let’s begin the exploration!

Origin and History of Celery:
Celery has a rich historical background that dates back to ancient times. Its cultivation can be traced back to the Mediterranean region, including Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Ancient Egyptians used celery for medicinal purposes and as an ingredient in cooking. The Greeks and Romans valued celery for its aromatic properties and believed it had healing powers.

During the Middle Ages, celery became a popular vegetable in European cuisine. It was grown in monastery gardens and widely used in soups, stews, and as a flavoring agent. Celery was brought to America in the 17th century European colonizers, and it gradually gained popularity in North America.

Types of Celery:
1. Pascal celery:

Also known as “stalk celery,” Pascal celery is the most common type found in grocery stores. It has long, thick, and crisp stalks with a mild flavor. Pascal celery is widely used in cooking, juicing, and snacking.

2. Leaf celery:

Leaf celery, also referred to as “Chinese celery” or “smallage,” is characterized its abundant leaves and thin stalks. It possesses a stronger flavor compared to Pascal celery, making it a popular choice in Asian cuisine.

3. Celeriac:

Celeriac, also known as “celery root,” is a variety of celery cultivated for its large, knobroot. Despite its unappealing appearance, celeriac offers a unique taste and texture. It is often used in soups, stews, and gratins.

Nutritional Composition:
Celery is often considered a low-calorie vegetable with exceptional nutritional value. It is a great source of vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and antioxidants. Here is a breakdown of the key nutrients found in 100 grams of celery:

– Calories:

Celery provides only 16 calories per 100 grams, making it an excellent choice for individuals following a calorie-controlled diet.

– Carbohydrates:

Celery contains approximately 3 grams of carbohydrates, including dietary fiber, which promotes digestive health and helps control blood sugar levels.

– Vitamins:

Celery is packed with essential vitamins, including vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B6, and folate. Vitamin K plays a crucial role in blood clotting and bone health, while vitamin C acts as an antioxidant and supports immune function.

– Minerals:

Celery contains minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, and manganese. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, while calcium and magnesium contribute to strong bones and teeth.

– Antioxidants:

Celery is rich in several antioxidants, including flavonoids, phenolic compounds, and vitamin C. These antioxidants help neutralize harmful free radicals in the body, reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

Cultivation of Celery:
Celery thrives in cool climates and is typically grown as a biennial crop. Cultivating celery requires careful attention to soil quality, moisture levels, and temperature. Here are some key aspects of celery cultivation:

1. Soil:

Celery prefers well-drained, fertile soil with a pH range between 6.0 and 7.0. Adding organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, can improve soil fertility and water retention.

2. Planting:

Celery can be grown from seeds or transplants. Seeds are usually started indoors 10-12 weeks before the last frost date. Transplants can be planted directly into the garden once the soil temperature reaches around 50°F (10°C).

3. Watering:

Adequate moisture is crucial for celery’s growth, and it requires consistent watering throughout the growing season. However, overwatering should be avoided, as it can lead to root rot. Mulching can help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.

4. Temperature:

Celery thrives in cool temperatures between 60°F and 70°F (15°C to 21°C). Mild climates are ideal for celery cultivation, as hot temperatures can cause the plant to bolt or become bitter.

5. Harvesting:

Celery is typically harvested when the stalks reach their desired size and thickness. Harvesting can be done cutting the stalks at their base or uprooting the entire plant.

Culinary Uses of Celery:
Celery is a versatile vegetable that adds a refreshing crunch and distinct flavor to a wide range of dishes. Here are some popular culinary uses of celery:

1. Raw consumption:

Celery can be enjoyed raw as a snack or added to salads, sandwiches, and wraps. Its crisp texture makes it a perfect component in crudité platters.

2. Soups and stews:

Celery is a staple ingredient in various soups and stews due to its ability to enhance flavors and contribute to the overall texture of the dish. It harmonizes well with other vegetables and proteins.

3. Juicing:

Celery juice has gained popularity in recent years due to its potential health benefits. It is often consumed as a standalone beverage or combined with other fruits and vegetables to create nutritious blends.

4. Stir-fries and stir-fried rice:

Celery’s crunchiness and mild flavor make it an excellent addition to stir-fries. It pairs well with meats, seafood, and other vegetables, adding texture and subtle taste.

5. Sautéed and roasted:

Sautéing or roasting celery can bring out its natural sweetness and mellow its flavor. Adding sautéed or roasted celery to side dishes, casseroles, or grain bowls can elevate the overall taste profile.

Health Benefits of Celery:
Beyond its culinary uses, celery offers numerous potential health benefits due to its unique nutritional profile. Here are some of the health benefits associated with consuming celery:

1. Anti-inflammatory properties:

Celery contains antioxidants and polyphenols that possess anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds may help reduce inflammation in the body, potentially benefiting conditions such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease.

2. Digestive health:

The high fiber content in celery promotes regular bowel movements, alleviating constipation and supporting overall digestive health. Additionally, celery contains a compound called apiuman, which may help protect the stomach lining and prevent gastric ulcers.

3. Hydration:

Celery has a high water content, making it a hydrating food choice. Including celery in your diet can contribute to your overall daily hydration needs.

4. Cardiovascular health:

The antioxidants in celery, such as flavonoids and vitamin C, may help protect against cardiovascular diseases reducing oxidative stress and preventing the oxidation of LDL cholesterol.

5. Blood pressure control:

Celery contains compounds called phthalides, which may help relax the muscles surrounding blood vessels, leading to a reduction in blood pressure.


It is important to remember that the potential health benefits of celery are supported scientific research, but individual results may vary. Consulting with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian is recommended for personalized advice.

Celery is a versatile vegetable with a rich history, exceptional nutritional value, and various culinary uses. Whether you enjoy it as a snack, ingredient in a recipe, or in juiced form, celery can be a valuable addition to a balanced and healthy diet. Its potential health benefits, such as anti-inflammatory properties and support for digestive health, make it a vegetable worth incorporating into your meals. So, the next time you crunch into a stalk of celery, savor not only its taste and texture but also the potential wellness it may bring to your body.