Classical architecture refers to structures from the classical period of European history, which began with Greece’s rise to prominence as a major cultural power and ended with the fall of the Roman empire. The styles and themes of this style of architecture influenced many architects, who revived these themes in the architectural style known as neoclassical architecture. To allude to the greatness of the classical era, many public buildings and important institutions use neoclassical architecture in their designs.
Classical architecture is usually divided into three periods historians, with a lot of overlap between them. The first is Greek architecture, which dates from approximately 700 BCE to 400 CE. Following this period came Hellenistic architecture, which spanned the time between Alexander the Great’s death and the fall of the Roman empire. Finally, Roman architecture from the same time period drew heavily on these two eras’ styles, but added innovations that made the architecture truly Roman.
The Parthenon in Athens and the Coliseum in Rome are two well-known examples of classical architecture. The simple, yet beautiful style with clean lines and subtle accents in the form of metal decorations or carvings is one of its more distinguishing themes. It was also frequently constructed on a grand scale, with imposing columns and large arches to showcase the builders’ abilities.
Archaeological digs frequently unearth examples of classical architecture that are meticulously preserved for future generations to enjoy. In some cases, the architecture has been well preserved, allowing visitors to see mosaics, wall paintings, and other decorative elements, making the citizens of the classical period appear more approachable and human. These discoveries also shed light on the daily lives of the people who used these structures, which range from formal temples to outdoor theaters.
Because classical architecture is often formal and imposing, it has been adopted many public buildings to add to their overall air of authority. Large country homes, colonnaded walkways at universities, and other large-scale structures all have Neoclassical design influences. Many parts of the Mediterranean, as well as parts of Europe that were colonized the Romans, such as Britain, have excellent examples of classical architecture. Many people enjoy visiting these architectural sites because classical science, art, literature, philosophy, and culture influenced the Western world significantly.