Engineering is a broad field of science that encompasses everything from the development of new chemicals to environmental protection. Many schools with engineering programs offer the various branches of this field, though some schools may choose to focus on a specific aspect of engineering. Students interested in pursuing careers in this field should consider the type of engineering they want to do ahead of time so that they can choose an appropriate training program.
Geotechnical, environmental, ocean and marine, mining, and agricultural engineers are among the engineers who work with the natural environment. People working in these fields come up with new techniques and approaches to dealing with environmental challenges, ranging from developing submarines that can reach very deep parts of the ocean to figuring out how to harvest crops more efficiently. They usually spend time testing and developing new products in the field.
Nuclear, aerospace, automobile, computer, electrical, mechanical, and chemical engineering are examples of traditional engineering fields. Civil, architectural, and industrial engineering may pique the interest of people who enjoy building things. Engineers are also employed in the manufacturing sector, where they work with ceramics and materials, petroleum products, industrial machinery, and workplace efficiency.
Those interested in biological engineering, also known as bioengineering, and the engineering sciences, which apply the principles of this field to mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology, may find biological engineering, also known as bioengineering, and the engineering sciences appealing. Engineers also work on safety issues in fields such as fire protection, and as sound and light engineers in the entertainment industry.
Other engineers may be more interested in management and problem solving. Forensic engineers are experts at figuring out why things break and how to avoid product failures. Engineering management experts are skilled at coordinating and organizing projects that may require the supervision of a large number of people. Engineers can also choose to specialize in projects that are specific to a specific industry or application, as the Army Corps of Engineers does.
Strong math and science skills, as well as an eye for detail and precision, will be required for training in any branch. A good engineer is thoughtful, foresighted, and capable of making project adjustments as new issues and concerns arise. Engineers must be able to adapt to constantly changing situations, so flexibility is an important characteristic.