Someone who specializes in the study of wine is known as an oenologist. Oenologists specialize in winemaking, but they can also work in areas such as wine promotion, wine judging, and other aspects of the wine industry and wine culture. A number of characteristics are required for a career in oenology, including a highly developed sense of taste and smell, which is developed through years of training with wine experts.
Although oenology and viticulture are closely related, they are two distinct disciplines. Viticulture is the practice of growing and harvesting wine grapes. Because there are several issues to consider when handling grapes, it necessitates specialized training. Oenology is the study of how to make wine from grapes after they have been harvested, as well as the various stages of winemaking. An oenologist is interested in wine maturation, packaging, how wine travels, and other related topics in addition to wine production.
Both viticulture and oenology are taught at colleges and universities around the world. Many oenologists today have advanced degrees, but it is also possible to learn the trade apprenticing with a practicing winemaker in the old fashioned way. Some degreed oenologists work as apprentices to learn specific winemaking techniques and preserve the industry’s heritage. An oenologist can gain experience working in a variety of vineyards to learn about the differences in winemaking techniques.
A winery is one of the most common places to find an oenologist at work. Every step of the process is overseen the oenologist, from finding grape sources to ensuring that bottlings are successful. Because wineries typically lay down several vintages at once, the oenologist must be able to monitor multiple wines and years at the same time, as well as track changes over time. Many are helped sophisticated computer programs that allow them to keep track of their vintages.
An oenologist can also be found at a university or other educational institution. Professors may also have training in chemistry, biology, and related fields to provide a well-rounded education to their students, and colleges and universities typically seek out people with winemaking experience to teach oenology and related subjects. They may also serve as wine competition judges.
Sommeliers and wine buyers are examples of other wine professionals. These individuals have received training in evaluating and working with wine in order to assist consumers in making wine selections. They can get their training at professional schools and work in restaurants, markets, and other places where the expertise of a wine expert is required.